FOUNDATION
What is Instructional Technology?  
   
Every new definition builds on the previous definition, usually adding a new word or defining a previously used word in a different way. The most important older definition was made in 1970 by the Commission on Instruction Technology. The definition made by the Commission on Instruction Technology states that “…the field is based on research and that the goal of the field is to bring about more effective learning.” (Reiser & Dempsey, 2012). The definition is important, because the ultimate goal of Instructional Technology should be to improve the way that educators instruct learners. If I had to add anything to the definition, I would add that Instructional Technology requires the effective implementation of available resources, namely modern technology.

Our view of what Instructional Technology is, has changed from something physical, to a process, to a combination of both in order to best meet the needs of learners. Our access to technology has rapidly progressed from something that could enhance in class education, to something that can replace in class education. Modern technology access is changing the way students learn and the way educators teach, because of this, we have to constantly modify the definition of Instructional Technology.
    

Infograph History of Instructional Technology

Learning Theories

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Robert Gagne

Gagne has nine conditions of instruction that are a necessary part of effective instructional design. Every step is gradually more complex than the step prior.

Photo Credit: designerlibrarian.wordpress.com

   
I believe that students learn best through a constructivist approach in which a teacher facilitates learning. It is imperative that teachers move away from attempting to be content experts and focus more on individual student needs. Given real world problems, students will work with instructors to figure out solutions and in turn develop a variety of skills. The “sage on the stage” mentality creates an atmosphere that the teacher is the sole source of knowledge, breaking that mentality is important because it allows teachers to work with students to find various possible solutions to problems. 
    
My Philosophy of Education
Philosophy Paper

References

Reiser, R., & Dempsey, J. (2012). Trends and Issues in Instructional Design and Technology (3rd ed.). Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Merrill/Prentice Hall.

Ertmer, P. A., & Newby, T. J. (2013). Behaviorism, Cognitivism, Constructivism: Comparing Critical Features From an Instructional Design Perspective. Performance Improvement Quarterly Perf. Improvement Qrtly, 26(2), 43-71. doi:10.1002/piq.21143

Nowsourcing. Timeline of Educational Technology in Schools Infographic. Digital image. Elearninginfographics.com. Elearninginfographics.com, 31 Mar. 2014. Web. 15 Dec. 2016.